What is a listed building?

A listed building is one of architectural or historical significance that is protected by listing marks.
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A listed building is a propoerty noted by the built heritage associations; including Historic England or CADW in Wales; because it is deemed to be “of special interest, warranting every effort to preserve them”. The listing of the property will be due to architectural design typical of the period of construction or because it’s in particularly good condition for the age of the property.

The building is protected from damage, neglect and structural changes without permission so that it can be enjoyed by future generations. Typically, any property constructed before 1700 is listed.

Contrary to common belief, a listing mark is not designed to prevent changes to the building, but only to ensure that consent is given before any changes are carried out, to preserve the features that are of special historical or architectural interest.

Usually a building must be at least 30 years old before it is considered eligible to be recognised as a listed home, however, anyone can nominate a property to be listed. This protection system operates under The Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. A programme of listing priorities exists for buildings that have already been identified as at risk.

What is a grade 2 listed building?

Grade 2 listed buildings are properties noted by the built heritage associations; including Historic England or CADW in Wales; that are deemed to be “of special interest, warranting every effort to preserve them”. The listing of the property will be due to architectural design typical of the period of construction or because it’s in particularly good condition for the age of the property.

Most Grade 2 listed properties were built before 1850.

90% of all listed properties in the UK are listed as Grade 2.


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